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Headaches, tender breasts, mood swings, fatigue.. These symptoms are a part of those attributed to the undesirable premenstrual syndrome, or PMS—a set of physical and emotional symptoms that many women suffer from in the days before their period.

The clinical manifestations of premenstrual syndrome vary and there is no known cause, making it difficult to diagnose. Consistently recording symptoms and their changes can be quite helpful in assessing the frequency, timing, and severity of the manifestations of PMS, and will make it easier to tell when it’s necessary to visit a doctor.

Sometimes PMS symptoms can indicate an underlying health problem, such as a thyroid disorder. Many PMS symptoms also overlap with pregnancy symptoms.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD, is a longer, more severe version of PMS. The symptoms of PMDD are similar to those of PMS but are intense enough to interfere with work, social activities, and relationships, leading to many women suffering from the disorder to require medication (barring the diagnosis of other conditions with similar symptoms).

There is no special “PMS medication”. The best way to deal with it might simply be to get to know yourself, and to educate yourself on your bodily processes. Take care of your body is a great remedy for PMS. Get enough rest and free yourself from everyday stressors from time to time. A healthy diet and moderate exercise are also vital for your wellbeing.

What does science say about PMS? How long does it last? Read more about PMS here.

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